One of the main attractions of visiting my family in the Hunter Valley is undoubtedly my sister’s Brown Swiss. What is a Brown Swiss you ask? Here is your multiple choice image:
This is a Brown Swiss.
Snowy and young Sutton Hall.
With a calf at heel there is plenty of milk for both the calf and the rest of us. This has resulted in lots of fresh milk for breakfast, not to mention lunch and tea and all breaks in between.
TB who has tried his hand at cheese making on numerous occasions couldn’t wait to have a go with Snowy’s milk. So last Saturday he started in with making a cheddar cheese. My not very technical summary follows but serious aspiring cheese makers should find a book on the subject, such as Cheese Making Made Easy, by Ricki and Robert Carroll. Another good resource is Cheeselinks which is an Australian supplier for cheese and youghurt makers. Budding local cheesemakers may also be interested in workshops offered by Small Cow Farm, 2011 classes are listed on their website.
Here we go. First take 10 litres of milk. Here is the starter, somewhat like yoghurt, which is added to the milk.
Leave the whole lot in a pan in a water bath for about an hour,
and then the rennet is added, which coagulates the milk (about 30 to 45 minutes).
After the milk coagulates you cut your curds, which gets rid of some of the whey out of the curd
the curds then sink to the bottom of the pot and are cooked at a low temperature for another hour (the temperature is only raised from room temperature to luke-warm).
The whey is then drained from the curd and the curds are left to set. The next step is to cut the curds into slices – this is the actual cheddaring process –
the curds are kept warm and are then ‘milled’ or broken-up.
The curds are finally drained and put into a mould lined with cheesecloth (yes, that is what it is actually meant to be used for!)
before being weighted down to expel even more water.
The moulded cheddar cheese is then dried for several days before the cheese is waxed and then stored for several months to mature in your cheese cave.
Here is some cheddar cheese that my sister made earlier. Her ‘cheese cave’ is a cooler bag, with ice brick, kept in the bottom of her linen cupboard (as was suggested by the cheese-making book she uses).